Excel 2016 from Scratch Exercise
Absolute Reference B
Protect Sheet and Unlock Cells
An Excel tutorial by Peter Kalmstrom
earlier demos in the Excel 2016 from Scratch series, Peter Kalmstrom has talked
about the benefits of using relative references.
However, sometimes you don't want the cell reference to change when you fill
formulas into other cells, and in that case you should use an absolute reference
Absolute references can be created in two ways, and Peter shows both of them
in the demo below. He also shows how to protect a sheet so that the content
will be impossible to change and how to exclude some cells from that protection.
As an example Peter uses a calculation of book prices including the VAT tax.
The VAT should of course be the same for all books, so the formulas must include
an absolute reference to the cell which contains the VAT percentage.
If you want to try the exercise yourself, please
download the Excel file Peter uses in the demo!
This is what Peter shows in the demo below:
Peter uses Excel 2016 for his demo, but the Excel basics are the same for
earlier versions of Excel.
- What happens if you use a relative reference to the cell that contains
the VAT percentage.
- How to create a formula with an absolute reference using dollar signs.
- How to give a name to a cell.
- How to create a formula with an absolute reference using a cell name.
- How to add a currency format to cells.
- How to make cells underlined.
- How to format a range of cells as a table.
- How to unlock cells.
- How to protect a sheet so that all cells but the unlocked ones
becomes readonly and cannot be changed.